What does a Swiss tourist hotspot have to do with real estate? Well, Zermatt, a municipality in the German-speaking section of the canon of Valais in the west of Switzerland, is no ordinary tourist paradise.
While the real estate world is watching the ongoing construction of Zira Zero Island, a one million sq m carbon neutral resort and residential development on Zira Island located in the Caspian Sea, the alpine village of Zermatt is already, well, vehicle-carbon free.
No conventional vehicles ply the streets of Zermatt, which lies at an altitude of 1,620m. Surrounded by 38 peaks rising more than 4,000m, mountain enthusiasts and nature lovers get to enjoy the recuperative qualities of this unique enclave all year round. Private traffic is only permitted up to the neighbouring village of Tasch, 5km away.
It is said that there are as many as 4,000 car parks, both open air and in multi-storey buildings in Tasch. Taxis are on hand to ferry visitors but only to the edge of Zermatt.
Another way to get to and from Zermatt is by train. While regular trains provide a link to international airports in Geneva, Zurich, Bern and others, the shuttle trains of the Matterhorn Gotthard Railway run between Tasch and Zermatt every 20 minutes. These trains are specially designed to cater for luggage-laden push trolleys as well as oversized baggage like skis and golf sets. There’s also a heliport to cater mainly for emergencies.
It was as far back as 1947 that the village decided to allow only electric cars without combustion engines to operate within its boundaries. That was long before the global green debate took off.
To facilitate public travel within Zermatt, there are electric buses, taxis and horse carriages although walking and cycling remain the preferred mode of transport. This is not surprising given its modest size — the village measures only about 2.5km by 1km. At last count, there were about 500 electric vehicles and about a dozen electric buses.
Zermatt boasts significant wildlife habitats. Twelve headwaters with 86 springs are found here. The water is 95% pure spring water and meets the standards of Swiss food law, according to Zermatt Tourism.
In Zermatt, celebrities walk incognito, says the chatty Amadè Perrig, who has just retired as president of Zermatt Tourism after holding the post for 25 years. Not only has Perrig, 63, successfully raised the profile of Zermatt as a key tourist destination but he was also instrumental in stopping the development of 150 chalets in Tasch. It took him 17 long years to convince the investor to change his mind. Five years ago, the development tract was turned into a 9-hole golf course. Work is in progress on the second nine.
“The chalet project would have destroyed too much land, destroyed the environment,” says Perrig, who owns a bungalow in one of Zermatt’s prime locations.
Real estate ownership in Zermatt is unique. Land is scarce and has to be passed on to the next generation and not sold to “outsiders”. Increasing demand has pushed property values significantly over the years. Perrig estimates that one sq m of a vacant lot in a prime area is worth 4,000 swiss francs (RM13,193) or so. This works out to 34.93 swiss francs psf (1 swiss franc — RM3.30).
That’s why many foreign workers employed in Zermatt, who hail mostly from Portugal and Spain, choose to shuttle daily from Tasch where accommodation is about just half the cost, explains Marc Scheurer, Zermatt Tourism marketing director.
Zermatt’s landscape is dramatic — the hardscape is captivating and nostalgic and the softscape, subtle but idyllic. Homes, hotels, apartments, restaurants and bars are clustered mainly in the valley, but there are buildings that caress the steep slopes of the Alps. One can’t help but wonder how these quaint structures were erected and stay perched on the mostly snow-draped slopes despite the continuous movement of glaciers in their midst.
The architecture is understated; wood and stone combine to exude a warm home ambience.
Do not be fooled by the exterior of these structures. From the outside, the restaurants and hotels I visited initially gave the impression of being cramped. But to my pleasant surprise, the buildings are long, spacious and cleverly demarcated for specific use, including nooks and corners designed for privacy.
Take Hotel Julen (www.julen.com). From the exterior, this is a nondescript building but a guided tour of its interior reveals two cosy and spacious dining areas complete with an indoor swimming pool and a spa.
Like all properties in Zermatt, those with a view of the Matterhorn in whole or in part, carry a premium. There is nothing garish or pretentious about the architecture and design of Zermatt buildings. Instead, they display brilliant spatial planning that optimises land use.
While its permanent population totals 5,800, the peak holiday season — one week before Christmas — will see the headcount rising to 32,000 as tourists flock in.
While most visitors hail from Europe, Zermatt is also a big hit with the Japanese, which explains the presence of Japanese restaurants here.
Tourists descend on Zermatt throughout the year to patronise its 400km of ski slopes in addition to the numerous hiking, cycling and mountain climbing trails. So, at any one time, do not be surprised to find 8,000 to 9,000 people in the village. Did I mention that there are 120 hotels with 7,000 rooms in Zermatt? Apart from that, apartments have become increasingly popular.
Room rates can vary substantially. Take the family-owned Hotel Perren where I stayed — a night’s stay with breakfast and dinner starts from less than 100 swiss francs during the low summer period to almost 400 swiss francs for a room with a view of the Matterhorn.
For Zermatt, the Matterhorn is all-important. It is in the running to be named one of the “new seven world wonders of nature”. The Matterhorn is among 261 candidates from 222 countries hoping to make the cut. The winners will be announced in 2011 by a panel of judges led by Frederico Mayor Zaragoza, former director-general of Unesco.
Until the mid-19th century, the village was predominantly an agricultural community and its German name “Zur Matter”, according to Wikipedia, means “in the meadow”.
Zermatt was “discovered” in the mid-1800s. In 1865, a group of British mountaineers led by Edward Whymper managed to beat the Italians in their conquest of the Matterhorn. Sadly, however, four of the seven-man team lost their lives during the descent.
Zermatt is tourism-driven and despite its modest size, it boasts some 200 eateries, big and small. Of this, about a fifth dot the ski slopes and hiking trails.
Photographs of Zermatt taken during different times of the year show the landscape transforming quite amazingly in tune with the seasons. Summer ushers in an abundance of wild and colourful blooms as alpine animals such as marmots, chamois, ibex and deer frolick against a backdrop of snow-capped alps. According to Zermatt Tourism, there are more than 1,000 alpine flowers, including several protected species such as the Edelweiss.
Autumn brings a new face that shimmers in gold while winter is simply magical. Spring heralds a delightful burst of hues.
Zermatt, indeed, is a world of its own. A rare gem of a real estate.
Falling in love with Zermatt
It is easy to fall in love with Zermatt. There’s something to do in this quaint Alpine village, even for a non-skier or someone not into hiking or mountaineering, that will make for a memorable holiday.
To discover the beauty of the Alps, hop onto the Gornergrat Bahn or the Matterhorn railway to the Gornergrat. Surrounded by 29 peaks rising some 4,000m, the ride offers a spectacular mountain panorama. The Gornergrat Bahn has been making the ascent for more than a decade now. From Zermatt, Europe’s highest open-air cogwheel railway departs every 24 minutes to the Gornergrat, crossing bridges, galleries and tunnels. Depending on the time of the year, idyllic forests and alpine meadows can be spotted beyond rocky gorges, tarns and, of course, the majestic Matterhorn.
At the end of the ride, you are greeted with views so stunning they leave you intoxicated. Also awaiting you is the Hotel Kulm Gornergrat — the highest hotel in the Swiss Alps. Here, the rooms have no number; instead, they are referred to by the altitudes of popular mountain peaks.
For those interested, go walking, hiking, nordic walking, trekking or biking. Or you can just take it easy and feast your eyes on the sparkling ice crystals and, when the darkness sets in, the stars glittering in the skies.
The Matterhorn Glacier Paradise promises a unique visit. At 3,883m above sea level, it is Europe’s highest observation deck that can be reached effortlessly — via cable car.
The breathtaking 360-degree panoramic view of 38 alpine peaks leaves an unforgettable impression. Of course, one has to be appropriately attired and be prepared for the unexpected. In mid-October last year, for example, the temperature dipped to -18º Celcius overnight. The air, understandably, was thin.
Also at the Matterhorn Glacier Paradise is Europe’s highest and largest summer snow sports area. Depending on the snow conditions, there are over 21km of slopes available for skiing. There’s also the Gravity Park, designed to attract snowboarders and free-skiers.
Don’t miss the world’s highest glacier palace, located 15m or more below the surface of a glacier. Open all year round, this ice wonder can be reached directly from the cable car station. Once inside, you will appreciate the clever use of lighting that adds a new dimension to the display of frozen blooms and ice-crafted figurines.
For those who like a different kind of adventure, head for Zermatt’s Forest Fun Park, where tree-to-tree adventures await. Check out the flying-fox trails for adults and relatively simpler ones for children. The park is open every day from March to October. Subject to change, entry to the adult’s trail costs 31 Swiss francs and to the children’s, 15 Swiss francs. If this does not give you a kick, try paragliding.
Last but not least, go shopping in Zermatt. The main street, the Bahnhofstrasse, is lined with shops filled with with trinkets, the mandatory souvenirs for friends and family, branded watches and an assortment of knick-knacks. These are housed in quaint buildings which, on their own, are a sight to behold.
For more information on Zermatt, go to www.zermatt.ch
This article appeared in City & Country, the property pullout of The Edge Malaysia, Issue 791, Feb 1 – 7, 2010
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